Jacopo Amigoni, also known as Giacomo Amiconi, was a prominent Italian painter of the late-Baroque and Rococo periods. Born around 1685 in Naples, he began his artistic career in Venice before gaining widespread recognition and demand for his sumptuous portraits throughout Europe.

Initially, Amigoni painted a variety of subjects, including mythological and religious scenes. However, as his clientele expanded, especially in northern Europe, he shifted his focus to more secular themes, creating parlour works depicting gods in sensual poses or engaged in leisurely activities. His style had a significant influence on other artists of his time, notably Giuseppe Nogari.

Amigoni’s career took him to various locations across Europe. He worked in Bavaria, including stints at the Castle of Nymphenburg, Schleissheim Castle, and the Benedictine abbey of Ottobeuren. He also spent time in England, where he painted for prominent households and played a role in convincing other artists, such as Canaletto, to travel to England due to the ample patronage available.

During his travels, Amigoni encountered influential figures in the arts, such as the celebrated castrato Farinelli, whom he painted multiple times. He was also exposed to the works of prominent French painters like François Lemoyne and François Boucher.

In 1739, Amigoni returned to Italy, painting for various noble families and buildings in Venice. Later, he ventured to Madrid, where he became court painter to Ferdinand VI of Spain and director of the Royal Academy of Saint Fernando. His time in Spain was marked by prestigious commissions, including a group portrait featuring himself, Farinelli, Metastasio, Teresa Castellini, and possibly the Austrian Archduke Joseph.

Amigoni’s legacy extended beyond his own career, as he was the father of the renowned pastellist Caterina Amigoni Castellini and the brother of fellow artist Carlotta Amigoni. His contributions to the art world continue to be celebrated today for their elegance, technical skill, and influence on the Rococo movement.